THE EARLY YEARS NORMAN ENGLAND
Shrigley (spelled Schriggeleg in 1285) is derived from Old English scric + leah. Leah means woodland clearing. Scric is believed to refer to the grey-backed shrike (an insectivorous bird) that frequented the woodland clearings in the region of the Peak District where Pott-Shrigley and the manor of Shrigley occurs.
A Norman called Horswin came from Normandy to the British Isles with his great uncle, William the Conqueror, as part of the army that won at Hastings in 1066. Horswin had 5 brothers and they had lands and titles conferred upon them as part of the new Norman power establishment. The lands were in the county Cheshire which was a personal holding of the King's family. Our region was part of the Macclesfield Forest which was part of the royal hunting forest. The eldest brother Geffry became lord of Stopfort (now Stockport, England) and Horswin became Lord of Shrigley. It looks as if the Shrigley name may very well go back into the 11th century.
--Personal communication from Mr. Dave Hudson- headmaster of Pott-Shrigley school- who extracted this from "Leyester's Historical Antiquities", pp. 248-260, published 1673 as found in Gilbert Cope's "Genealogy of the Dutton Family of Pennsylvania", published 1871.
The Text including Genealogy of Horswin, Lord of Shrigley
The Warburtons claim consanguinity with the ancient blood-royal of England, being descended from Rollo, the first Duke of Normandy, through William, Earl of Eu, who married a niece of William the Conqueror. Richard, Duke of Normandy, (grand-son of Rollo) sur-named sans-peur, had Issue (besides his son Richard who succeeded him, his daughter Emma, Queen of England, and other children) two younger sons, Godfrey and William. To Godfrey, his father gave the earldoms of Eu and Brion. On His decease the latter earldom became the heritage of his posterity, branching out into the now extinct houses of the Earls of Clare and Pembroke, while William, the younger brother, succeeded him in the earldom of Eu. He had (besides others) his successor, Robert, father of William, who married a sister of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Avranches, (afterwards Earl of Chester) named Jeanne, and niece of William the Conqueror. There was Issue of this marriage (besides William's successor in the earldom of Eu and another child) six sons, named Nigel, Geffry, Odard or Huddard, Edard, Horswin and Wlofaith. These six brothers accompanied their uncle, Hugh Lupus, into England, in the train of William the Conqueror, their great-uncle; and on the establishment of the Norman power had various estates and honors conferred upon them. Nigel was created Baron of Halton and constable of Cheshire; Geffry was Lord of Stopfort; Odard, Lord of Dutton; Edard, Lord of Haselwell; Horswin, Lord of Shrigley; and Wlofaith, Lord of Halton. Odard, the third son, was the ancestor of the Duttons, now extinct in the male line; the Barons of Chedill, also extinct, and the Warburtons. --Burke's Landed Gentry, p. 1508.
Odard, son of Yvron, viscount of Constantine, (whose name is written in most records of later date, Hodard or Hudard) was the Immediate ancestor of the ancient and numerous family of Dutton of Dutton.--Lysons' Magna Britannia, Vol. II.
Somewhere else Mr. Dave Hudson (personal communication, July 1999) read that Horswin was a priest but he still could have been Lord of Shrigley and married with offspring.
Pott Shriggelegh was formed in 1354.
Perspective, the Dutton Chronicle
From Morris, John, General Editor (edited by Philip Morgan; translation prepared by A. Rumble). Domesday Book, A Survey of the Counties of England, Compiled by direction of King William I, Winchester, 1086. Phillimore & Co., LTD., London and Chichester, England: 1978.
Odard held Dutton in the Bucklow Hundred, West, from Hugh d'Avranches [Lupus ], Palatine Earl of Cheshire. Raven held it before (he was a freeman). This land consisted of 1/1/2 virgates of land paying tax. Land for 1 plough. 1 rider with 1 slave. Woodland 2 leagues long and 1/2 wide; a hawk's eyrie. Value before 1066 was 5 shillings, now 12 pence. (Domesday Book, Morris:267d)
Of the land at Halton manor, William son of Nigel holds the greatest part. Of William, son of Nigel, Odard holds 1/2 hide; Geoffrey 2 hides; Aethelhard 1 1/2 hides; Humphrey 1 1/2 hides; Odard 1/2 hide; Hardwin 1/2 hide. In lordship 3 ploughs; 12 villagers, 1 rider and 5 smallholders with 5 ploughs between them; 6 plough men. Meadow, 1/2 acre; woodland 18 acres. Total value of the manor before 1066 was 40 shillings, later laid waste, now what William holds worth 50 shillings. What the men-at-arms hold 54 shillings. (Domesday Book, Morris:266b)
At Weston (Bucklow Hundred, West) Odard and Brictric hold of William son of Nigel. Two hides paying tax. Land for 5 ploughs. They have two ploughs in lordship; three ploughmen; 5 villagers and 3 smallholders with 3 ploughs, 2 fishermen. Meadow, 2 acres; woodland 1 league long and 1/2 wide; an enclosure. Value before 1066, 8 shillings; now 35 shillings; had been waste. (Domesday Book, Morris:266b)
At Aston, Odard holds of William son of Nigel. 1 hide paying tax. Land for 2 1/2 ploughs. In lordship 1 1/2 ploughs; 3 ploughmen; 1 villager and 1 smallholder with 1 plough. A mill which serves the Court; a fisherman; woodland, 1 acre. Value before 1066, 5 shillings; now 20 shillings. (Domesday Book, Morris:266b)
As you will recall, William the Conqueror had razed Cheshire County as part of his war with the English in his efforts to subdue the country. Thus, at the time of the Domesday Book, Cheshire was a vanquished land.
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Odard de Dutton
Mother: Emme (Lupus) de Bretagne
Normandel, Orne, Basse-Normandie, France
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