(Research):Name: Guth? Name: Petter?
30 Sep 1727 : Immigrated on ship Molly
Heinz L. Hosch divided German immigration to North America into twelve "waves." in the article "300 Years of German Immigration: 1683-1983" in the Journal of the Lancaster Historical Society, Vol. 105, No. 2, (Summer 2003), 54-63. Hosch identified each wave as beginning or ending with a group of specific political events. Prior to the establishment of the "German Reich" in 1871, Hosch classified these immigrants as German-speaking people, who identified themselves based on their religious affiliations. The Third Wave was 1688 to 1763, which includes the period when Peter immigrated. Hosch classifies the Third Wave as starting in 1688 when King Louis XIV of France ordered the systematic destruction of the Palatinate, a region of Germany where many religious refuges from Switzerland had settled in previous years. Hosch writes that this wave increased in 1702 when Queen Anne ascended to the throne of England, seeking an increase in farmers and laborers immigrating to the colonies. She started advertising the colonies in German-speaking areas of Europe. Hosch attributes an increase in the wave of German immigrants to North America beginning in 1714 with George I of Hannover, a German monarch, coming to the throne of England. Between 1749 and 1754, he writes that there was an average of about 500 German immigrants arriving each month in Pennsylvania, and that this German influx began to subside with the outbreak of the French and Indian War, 1754-1763. Hosch points out that beside the damper the French and Indian War placed on immigration to North America, Frederick the Great was inviting farmers and persecuted people from all over Europe to come to Prussia, and Zarina Catherine II, who had come to the throne in 1762, was inviting German farmers to come to Russia. By 1763, Hosch places the German population in Pennsylvania at about one-third of the state’s population.
Peter Gut was born in Germany and immigrated to America from Immelhauserhof on the ship Molly on Sept. 30, 1727 with his second wife and with three of his children. There were 7 people in his party on the ship. Christian Wenger and Eve Graybill, ancestors of Margaret Reed who married great great grandson Benjamin B Good, were also on the same ship.
Peter had 4 wives and 8 children; three children by the first wife: Anna, Jacob, and Christian; two by his second wife: Mary and Barbara; two by Anna Graf: Susanna and Peter; and one by Veronica Hiestand: Henry. His third wife Anna Graff died between 1738 and 1740 and was daughter of Hans Graf of Earl Twp. According to a deed, Peter married Veronica, the widow of Hans Schneider (John Taylor?) of Hempfield Twp before 1745. He married Veronica Hiestand, the widow of John Taylor in about 1740 and named her in his will. Peter's two oldest children and their spouses were left in Germany in 1727 and came over in 1732 on the ship Samuel.
Peter Gut warranted 100 acres on Oct. 23, 1735 in Earl Twp., Lancaster County, PA, but he did not purchase the land. The land was patented on 5 Nov 1738 to Peter Gut's brother-in-law Peter Graff. He was living in Earl Twp on 20 Jul 1738 when his neighbor Hans Graff sold land to Peter Graff in Earl Twp.
There are three similar entries in the Register of Deed's records that pertain to the disposition of Peter Good's land at his death dated between 13 Nov and 29 Nov 1748. Peter is called a yoeman in Lancaster Co. They refer to different tracts of land on the east side of Pequea creek. All three mention his widow Margaret, his oldest son Jacob, his daughter Anna married to Peter Prenneman, daughter Barbara married to Christian Shank, daughter Margaret married to John Stover (Stauffer), and Elizabeth and Mary who are named as daughters of deceased son Peter. All three deeds refer to a verbal statement before Peter's death, about the disposition of his land to his heirs. In the deed dated 28 Nov, John got the 165 acres granted to Peter by Casper and Catherine Wiser on 27 April 1738. In the deed dated 13 Nov, Christian and Barbara got 205 acres, part of a 250 acre tract that had been granted to Peter by James Hamilton of Philadelphia on 5 May 1739. In the deed dated 29 Nov, it appears that John bought land in the Hamilton tract from other heirs. All of the wills mention a later will, written in German. (Lancaster County Deed Book B, p. 579; F, p. 192; and D, p. 260). This Jacob Good died in Lancaster County in 1761. There is a (different?) Peter Good whose will was probated 23 Dec 1754 with Christian Bowman as executor (see the Lancaster, Pennsylvania Probate Index, 1729-1850. Name: Good, Peter, Year: 1754, Book: Y, Volume: 2, Page: 182).
A letter from Tobias Bowman to Isaiah Reed Good chronicles the history of two of Peter and Margaret's sons based on chapter 39 of The History of Lancaster County. Here is the part about Jacob. The part about son Christian is given in his own notes.
January 2nd 1902. Bowmansville Lancaster county Pa. Isaiah R. Good. My Dear friend: Your kind and welcome letter dated August 27th last duly received, I am very thankful for its contents, perhaps I made you wait too long for the information you asked for, well I will now try to give you the best records of the Good family that I could obtain.
First I will give you what your late Uncle John B. Good Esq of Lancaster city wrote for "the History of Lancaster county Pa. Published in 1883. He says "The first settlements seem to have been made in the valleys of the Black Muddy creek and that branch on which Good's mill was erected. The earliest Warrants issued out of the landoffice bear date in 1737 from one to two miles further north, on another branch of Muddy creek, near the site of the present village of Bowmansville, Jacob Good and Christian Good, two brothers, with their brother-in-law John Musselman, with their respective families, settled about the same time. These emigrants were Mennonites from the Palatinate. As the adjoining township of Earl and the valley of the conestoga in general had been settled at an earlier period principally by emigrants from the same counry and of like religious faiith, they received considerable friendly assistance from that quarter. Jacob Good, arriving at the spot chosen for the erection of his new home, on the right bank of the stream, a short distance below the confluence of the two forks of the middle branch of Muddy creek, about a mile below Bowmansville, took lodging under the inviting shelter of a patriarchal white-oak tree, where he deposited such household goods as he had brought along with him, and, with the assistance of his friends the Zimmermans from Earl, commenced the erection of such a house as the times and circumstances would permit. He at once purchased the ground on which he had settled with his family. The deed, which is from John Penn, is dated in 1738, and embraced a tract of six hundred and twenty-eight acres and the usual allowance. The country was a wilderness one vast forest, inhabited by wild beasts and Indians. As yet there were no roads, no houses, gardens, fields, or orchards. Jacob Good had but two children, both sons, named respectively Peter and Jacob. He divided the ample paternal domain equally between them. Peter with his family afterwards removed to Cumberland county. The younger Jacob was twice married, and had five sons and one daughter with his first and four sons and one daughter with his second wife. With his last wife and her children he emigrated to Virginia. His descendants by his first wife are still residing in the neighborhood, some of them on part of the original tract.
Family Lineage record http://www.umich.edu/~bobwolfe/gene/GoodLineagePeter1690toIJ18851x.jpg
Family Lineage record http://www.umich.edu/~bobwolfe/gene/GoodLineagePeter1690toIJ18852x.jpg
Family Lineage record http://www.umich.edu/~bobwolfe/gene/GoodLineagePeter1690toIJ18853x.jpg The links above show a lineage from Peter to Irby Good.
The lineage reported here [1) Peter Gut of Immelhauserhof, Germany, 2) Peter Gut of Michelfeld, Germany, 3) Antoni Gut of Switzerland, 4) Valentine Gutt of Birmensdorf, Switzerland, and 5) Andreas Gutt of Ottenbach, Switzerland] is from Jane Evans Best and Howard C. Francis: "Guth Families of Ottenbach, Switzerland," Part II in Mennonite Family History (Jan. 1990). This also appeared in GGG#10.
The remainder of these notes is a summary of three different accounts of these families: Source 1: Jane Evans Best and Howard C. Francis, "Six Good Families of Early Lancaster County, Pennsylvania," Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage, Volume XII, Number 3, July 1989: Page 20, GC22, [(77) Ira D. Landis, "Our Good Brethren" Mennonite Research journal, p. 11; Lewis C. Good, A Good Tree-Family Record of Christian Good 1842-1916 (Brentwood, Md.: author, 1974), p. [ii].]
Source 2: Phyllis Fulk and Lois Brown Miller, The Beery Family of Page County, Iowa, (Evans Press, Newport, Arkansas, 1976), Page 15, 4.1; Page 25, 4.4, Husband of (1), Elizabeth Stoner/Steiner; and, (2) Frances Grow.
Source 3: Refus E. Good, Descendants of Jacob Good, (April 1987), Page 1, ID no. 3, Source lists Jacob's first wife (in 1792) as Veronica, 5 sons and 1 daughter; and, his second wife as Unnamed, 4 sons and 1 daughter. Jacob Good (ID no. 3) was the brother of Peter Good (ID no, 2), and the son of Jacob Good (ID no. 1) and Susannah.
A comparison of these sources was given in GGG # 33, Nov/Dec 2001, which in part follows:
Rufus Good starts his lineage with Jacob Good, who at age 20, along with his wife Susannah (Scherer), also age 20, emigrated from Rotterdam on the ship Samuel August 11, 1732. Also on board were Jacob's sister Anna, age 20, and her husband John Mosiman (Musselman), age 25. Rufus assumed that, although not listed on the ships registry, that Jacob's brother Christian Good was with them.
In the Jane Evans Best and Howard C. Francis article it was their opinion that the two older children immigrated to America in 1732, and that the third, fourth and fifth children emigrated from Rotterdam with their father Peter Gut in 1727 on the ship Molly.
Rufus Good does not list Jacob's father or siblings, except to mention Anna and Christian. Best/Francis list Jacob's father as Peter Good/Gut (GC), and his children from four marriages as: GC1, Anna; GC2, Jacob; GC3, Christian; GC4, Mary; GC5, Barbara; GC6, Susanna; GC7, Peter; and GC8, Henry.
Rufus lists the emigrating Jacob Good as having two sons, Peter and Jacob. He also lists Peter's wife as Christiana (youngest daughter of Peter's Uncle Christian Good) with the annotation that they moved to Cumberland County.
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Father: Peter Gut
November 23, 1754
Brecknock Twp, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, USA
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